The Science & Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU) is the first intergovernmental organization in Ukraine and was established by an Agreement signed on 15 October 1993, by the four founding Parties: Ukraine, Canada, Sweden and the United States of America (Donor Countries). The Agreement was put into force by Ukrainian President Kravchuk's decree # 202 on 04 May 1994. The STCU began its first organizational steps in November 1994, and was fully registered in Ukraine on 14 February 1995. The European Union acceded to the STCU agreement on November 26, 1998, and in so doing, replaced Sweden as a Party to the STCU agreement. The STCU's main purpose is:
"To support research and development activities for peaceful applications by Ukrainian, Georgian, Uzbekistani, Azerbaijani, and Moldovan scientists and engineers (Recipients), formerly involved with development of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, as part of the general process of conversion to a civilian, market-oriented environment."
The Funding Parties of STCU projects include the signatories to the STCU agreement (Donor Countries) , Japan as a sponsor of the STCU agreement, and Partners (government and non-government) approved by the Board of Governors of the STCU.
As of June 2005, the STCU employs over 5,000 scientists working on approximately 220 projects in the field (approx. 70% in Ukraine, the remainder in Georgia and Uzbekistan) and over 70 people in its administrative offices. The administrative budget for 2005 is $1.96 million USD, and project costs for 2004 totaled approximately $17.7m. The STCU is made up of one head office located in Kyiv, and six regional offices (1 person each) in the Ukrainian cities of, Lviv and Dnipropetrovsk, as well as in Tbilisi, Georgia, Baku, Azerbaijan, and Tashkent, Uzbekistan, and Kharkiv, Ukraine which has 2 persons located there. As Moldova acceded to the STCU agreement in late 2004, the STCU is scheduled to open a new regional office in Chisinau, Moldova in the second half of 2005.The STCU is a legal entity and has been registered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine as an intergovernmental organization with its headquarters located at 21 Kameniariv, Kyiv, Ukraine 03138. The STCU has an international staff of 65 full time scientific, financial, and administrative experts.VisionFor a safer and better world, to assist former WMD experts in the transition to self-supporting, peaceful activities in the international science and business communities… and to do so using the best professional practices. MissionTo implement the nonproliferation policies of the STCU Parties in an efficient, professional manner by: • Facilitating research opportunities for former weapons-of-mass-destruction scientists that permanently redirects their talents to peaceful aims, • Assisting the protection and exploitation of research results attained to benefit the scientists creating them and the economies and societies of the Parties governing the Center, • Supporting the integration of the scientists into credible international, national and regional research efforts in the global scientific and business communities.
Near-Term StrategyIn the next five to seven years, it is crucial to the above mission that the STCU invigorate its sustainability and partnership functions, while continuing to maintain its other programs and functions. Rather than simply continuing to oversee projects that do not contribute to the long-term self-sufficiency of ex-Soviet weapon scientists or institutes, the STCU has to take the lead in helping those scientists and institutes stand on their own by guiding them towards successful integration into the global economic and business communities. The goal is for STCU grant recipients to become self-supporting and to make high-value contributions to domestic and global science and technology issues (both commercial and non-commercial). They must be weaned from dependency on the donor Parties’ STCU project funding and be given the skills, experience, and reputation to compete and contribute on their own in the international science, academic, and commercial worlds.
The following strategic objectives define the direction of the STCU in the next five to seven years:1. Create and implement new programs and activities (or overhaul existing programs and activities) to more effectively assist former weapon scientists and institutes in developing their skills and capabilities to support themselves without direct STCU assistance.
2. Increase the amount of private sector funding and improve the cooperative depth of private sector projects (i.e., projects that more substantively fulfill actual customer needs and do less concept exploration) to encourage long-term partnerships and sustainability for former weapon scientists and institutes.
- Training programs that build competencies in program management, market analysis and business planning, intellectual property protection and exploitation, strategic planning at the institute level, and competing effectively for research grants.
- Patent and licensing support of intellectual property, including guidance and financial assistance for patent applications.
- Focused programmatic approaches to improve the scientific excellence of recipient institutes or groups of scientists.
- Leveraging other S&T cooperative assistance activities where STCU recipient scientists can participate or compete, such as World Bank programs, UN economic or industrial development programs, and bilateral/multilateral scientific governmental or private foundation programs.
3. Increase the level of active participation and funding from recipient governments for S&T projects and initiatives through the STCU so that recipient governments will take advantage of the STCU and become more equal partners with the donor Parties in the STCU.
- Develop a systemic approach to targeted matchmaking for promising scientific teams and institutes matching core competencies of recipients to commercial and non-commercial customer requirements in order to facilitate partnerships.
- Design a strategy that includes annual plans for substantial and effective participation in a wide variety of economic, business, and S&T forums to showcase STCU recipient core competencies and capabilities, build contacts and opportunities for attracting partners, and gain applicable "salesmanship" experience for the recipients.
- Assist recipient scientists and institutes in identifying current and near term technology priorities of private sector entities and markets, both commercial and non-commercial, and guide them in developing projects whose results meet those priorities.
- Work with the science, industry, economic, and educational ministries, and academies to identify areas of national S&T priority where governmental funds should be committed.
- Work with those governmental agencies to design groups of STCU projects for project competitions to address those national priority areas to be financed by a combination of donor Party funding, recipient government funding, and possibly other funding sources.